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US, Mexico: Do More on Immigration     06/16 06:11


   MEXICO CITY (AP) -- In consecutive visits this month, Vice President Kamala 
Harris and Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas have conveyed to the 
most important U.S. partner that the Biden administration is taking a more 
nuanced approach to immigration than its predecessor, but still asking what 
more Mexico can do.

   Mayorkas said Tuesday at the conclusion of two days of high-level meetings: 
"We have challenged one another with respect to what more can each of us do to 
address the level of irregular migration that has persisted for several months."

   In May, encounters with migrants at the U.S.-Mexico border inched up from 
April to more than 180,000, more than double the number in January, according 
to data from U.S. Customs and Border Protection.

   Record arrivals of migrant children have been especially challenging for the 
Biden administration, as they were for his predecessors, with the U.S. 
government picking up nearly 60,000 children traveling without their parents 
across the Mexican border from February to May.

   When then President Donald Trump threatened damaging tariffs on all Mexican 
imports unless Mexico did more to stem the flow of migrants in 2019, Mexico 
deployed its newly created National Guard to boost enforcement efforts.

   The Biden administration is taking what Mayorkas called a "multipronged 
approach" and he rejected any suggestion that the White House had sent mixed 
messages that could have encouraged more migration to the border.

   Harris is leading U.S. efforts to identify and address the root causes of 
immigration. On her visit to Guatemala and Mexico earlier this month, she urged 
Central Americans not to try to reach the U.S. border while also trying to give 
people a sense of hope that would encourage them to stay home.

   The Biden administration has struggled to show a more compassionate face on 
U.S. immigration policies and undo some of Trump's harshest measures while not 
spurring more migration.

   Samantha Power, head of the U.S. Agency for International Development, has 
been visiting the Northern Triangle countries this week announcing new aid 
aimed at improving conditions there. Power and Harris have spoken against the 
endemic corruption in the region and the need for greater economic opportunity.

   Mayorkas said other elements of that approach were opening alternative legal 
pathways to the U.S., including the expansion of the Central American Minors 
Program announced Tuesday.

   The Biden administration announced Tuesday that it was expanding a newly 
revived effort to bring Central American children to the United States to 
reunite with parents legally living in the country. Trump announced in August 
2017 that he was halting the Central American Minors Program in August 2017 in 
his crackdown on immigration.

   The U.S. restarted the program in March for children from Guatemala, 
Honduras or El Salvador who had applied to be paroled into the United States 
before Trump ended the program. The expansion announced Tuesday makes eligible 
families whose parents are in the U.S. with various forms of legal status, 
including green cards and Temporary Protected Status for designated countries 
afflicted by natural disasters or civil strife.

   Parents with pending asylum claims and people who applied for visas for 
crime victims before May 15 may also be eligible to bring their children from 
Central America.

   The administration didn't say how many people may be covered by the 
expansion but Mayorkas and Secretary of State Antony Blinken said in a joint 
statement that the changes will "dramatically expand" eligibility.

   The visits to the region for Harris, Mayorkas and Power were all their first 
foreign trips for a new administration, sending a message that the region's 
problems have its attention.

   Mexico has other priorities, in particular reopening to the U.S.-Mexico 
border, which has been closed to non-essential travel for more than a year.

   On Tuesday, 1.35 million doses of Johnson & Johnson coronavirus vaccine 
donated by the United States arrived in Mexico. The U.S. vaccine shipment will 
be used to vaccinate anyone over 18 in four cities along the U.S. border: 
Tijuana, Mexicali, Ciudad Jurez and Reynosa. Mexico has said the goal is to 
boost vaccination rates there to levels similar to the U.S. cities they adjoin.

   Mexico Foreign Affairs Secretary Marcelo Ebrard said that after the 
vaccinations "there will be no public health arguments for keeping the border 

   Later, Ebrard added via Twitter that he had told Mayorkas that Mexico wanted 
to accelerate the vaccination of people living along their shared border so 
that life there can return to normal. "The Secretary indicated that 
facilitating trade, tourism and travel is his priority," Ebrard wrote.

   "We both also understand the economic consequences of the restrictions on 
not only the border communities of Mexico, but the border of the United 
States," Mayorkas said.

   On the touchy subject of security cooperation, Mayorkas said he emerged from 
a meeting with Mexican Attorney General Alejandro Gertz Manero "optimistic."

   After U.S. authorities arrested former Mexican Defense Secretary Gen. 
Salvador Cienfuegos last year on drug trafficking charges and then released him 
under pressure from Mexico, security cooperation between the two countries took 
a hit. Mexico imposed restrictions on U.S. agents in the country.

   "I left that meeting, as I hope the attorney general did, optimistic that 
those restrictions will not serve as an impediment to address our security 
imperatives," Mayorkas said.

   Mayorkas declined to pass judgment on Mexico President Andrs Manuel Lpez 
Obrador's "hugs not bullets" approach to dealing with Mexico's drug cartels, 
saying he did not understand what it means in practice. Lpez Obrador has 
criticized the policies of his predecessors that prioritized going after cartel 

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